Category Archives: Medical Treatment

When To Hire A Multiple Sclerosis Physio

MS physio is a progressive, immune-mediated condition in which the body’s immune system destroys the sheath that protects the nerve fibers, disrupting communication between the brain and the rest of the body. Some of the main symptoms associated with this disorder include fatigue, pain, vision loss, and impaired coordination between the brain and the musculoskeletal system. It is worth noting that this condition has no known cure. However, you can manage it through exercising, physiotherapy, medication. While medication help to alleviate the symptoms, regular exercises can train your body to cope with the changes and increase independence, as per the National Multiple Sclerosis Society (NMSS). With that in mind, here are three instances during which an MS physio may come in handy.

At Diagnosis

When diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, a physiotherapist will typically examine you to determine the severity of your condition. This will, in turn, help in determining the most suitable course of action. For instance, per the National Institute of Health (NIH), mild multiple sclerosis is easily manageable with increased physical activity. This means that in case your condition is already severe at diagnosis, physiotherapy will be the most suitable treatment instead of exercise.

During Relapse

Although multiple sclerosis is a lifelong condition, it can sometimes alternate between mild and severe states (relapse). During a relapse, the symptoms usually tend to be more severe and you may be unable to do daily tasks such as walking. At this point, you need to call a multiple sclerosis physio to resume the physiotherapy sessions that can help you regain your strength. With reduced symptoms, you should then go back to exercising as this will enable you to manage your condition.

For Progressive Management

Progressive multiple sclerosis does not alternate between mild states and relapses. This means that such a condition requires constant physiotherapy to help reduce the symptoms. Physiotherapy also trains your body to adjust to the changes happening in your body. At some point, you may require assistive devices such as a wheelchair to be able to perform daily tasks.


These are some of the instances during which a multiple sclerosis physio may come in handy. While physiotherapy does not cure this condition, it will help you perform your daily activities by improving your body strength, alleviating symptoms, and teaching you to adapt to them. Take note that multiple sclerosis symptoms can vary from one person to another, and the treatment options can also produce different results in different patients.

Antigen Rapid Test Kit

The on-going global battle with COVID-19 continues on its course, with fear and uncertainty still dominating mindsets. Many people are still unclear as to how to determine if they are displaying signs of that virus, or those of influenza. Both seem to carry similar symptoms such as: high fever, coughing, shortness of breath, muscle fatigue, sore throat, headache, nausea and diarrhea.

It is of course, vitally important to establish if COVID is indeed present, so for many, testing is the only way to properly diagnose and the introduction of the antigen rapid test kit is a major step forward. These kits are lateral flow tests, for the uncovering of a specific antigen, through swabs or saliva. It has a 15 minute detection time frame, hence the term rapid, and is less invasive than other procedures. The basics of the results process centre around the presence of two coloured bands, indicating a positive detection of COVID protein, whereas just one coloured band would signal that the specimen is negative, or at least the antigen level is below the detection limit. If no coloured bands appear then the test should be regarded as invalid, and the procedure retaken.

The test itself is simple and painless. The tip of the swab provided should be inserted into one nostril until resistance is felt; it should then be rotated five times against the wall of the nasal passage, before removal. This usually takes between 10 and 15 seconds and needs to be repeated in the second nostril. It is stressed however, that merely leaving the swab inside the nostril, or twirling against just part of the inside of the nose, is not sufficient and is likely to lead to an invalid result, or a false reading.

The benefits of these tests are enormous, considering that more or less every individual on the planet is at risk of this potentially deadly virus. There is minimal training or direction required to undertake the test and there are significant financial savings too. The results can be seen with the naked eye and the advantage that these tests have over an antigen rapid test kit, is that a foreign antigen in the system can be identified immediately, whereas antibodies can take much more time.

Scientifically these test kits have received the recommendation of both the World Health Organization(WHO) and the European Commission, who recognize the huge benefits that they bring to the table, in terms of their ease of implementation and capability to monitor trends.

Special Mobile Units In Medicine!

Special Mobile Units that are used in the medical field have been around for a while now but have not come to the forefront like it is today with all the modern technologies in both medical technology and the motor industry.

Much like the motor industry’s mobile home sector exploding with technological advancements so has the medical units.

Many international companies like Netcare Holdings Ltd and Doctors Without Borders have benefited greatly with these advancements as they now have the option of buying or leasing these Special Mobile Units(SMUs) and equip them with whatever is needed out in the field specifically as they desire.

To use an example is Netcare’s traveling eye clinics in the UK (when they still ran, but now are bankrupt because of the pound sterling to rand conversion rate making it unviable to operate and at break-even, because of the South African Government’s Corrupt and Indiscriminate Policies), that ran nationally across the UK especially the poorer and rural area.

They had specially converted buses made in SMUs that were equipped with every modern piece of equipment needed to run an eye clinic and day surgery and moved from area to area offering free services to the poor and needy.

Then we have Doctors Without Borders who have similar SMUs but equipped with medical equipment for emergency surgeries in war-torn areas and to be able to assist the wounded anywhere anytime or SMUs equipped with what is needed for the areas struck with a natural disasters like Tsunami’s or Earthquakes.

These SMUs has become a very important tool across the globe when assisting those who need it when their government cannot or do not want to help and outsiders like those mentioned above and others like The Red Cross, The Red Crescent or even the United Nations steps in to help.

There are those SMUs that are used in emergency cases as well in the normal modern cities of the first world as well, but they, in turn, become handy because of other problems the medical professional faces, problems like congestion caused by daily traffic or by a disaster like acts of terrorism.

Here we find more than medical SMUs but the rapid response SMUs used by police or other law enforcement agencies to help those in need and to help gather information and evidence to catch those responsible for these acts.

SO the SMUs have found a place in our modern world in more ways than one.

Guide To Acupuncture Montgomery Village

The chief neurotransmitter which is released by postganglionic sympathetic fibers is noradrenaline (NA). This has affinity for and can activate alpha-one. alpha-two. beta- one and beta-two postsynaptic receptors on various organs. Sympathetic fibers. which are equivalent to preganglionic fibers. release acetylclioline (Ach) at the adrenal medulla. Acetylcholine combines with nicotinic receptors on the gland. activating it to release adrenaline (A) together with small quantities of NA.

This release is greatly increased during fight-or-flight situations. The adrenaline is carried in the bloodstream to all organs. where it combines with and activates all sympathetic receptors. The bronchi do not receive sympathetic nerve fibers. but their smooth muscle contains many beta-two receptors which are stimulated by adrenaline. The bronchiolar muscle relaxation which follows leads to bronchodilation.

Presynaptic alpha-two receptors which are found on sympathetic nerve endings are known as autoreceptors because their activation causes an inhibition of NA release in response to nerve impulses. Noradrenaline. adrenaline and many exogenous alpha agonists are able to stimulate these receptors. reducing sympathetic responsesm, which are handled by Acupuncture Montgomery Village.

This is a negative feedback control system when excessive adrenergic stimulation occurs A small group of postganglionic sympathetic fibers release Ach instead of NA. causing the stimulation of muscarinic receptors which results in generalized sweat secretion. These sweat glands and the adrenal medulla are the only sites at which sympathetic, cholinergic transmission occurs. Antimuscarinic drugs and Acupuncture Montgomery Village can block cholinergic sympathetic effects.

Anticholinergic drugs which also have an antiparkinsonistic effect potentiate the effects of levodopa. excepting if they are given concomitantly in doses which are high enough to delay stomach emptying (inhibited propulsion and opening) to such an extent that levodopa absorption which occurs mainly in the small intestine, is adversely affected.

Following the test dose the patient is observed for any changes in sensation in the lower limbs or any changes in blood pressure or heart rate. If there are no changes the definitive dose is given. The spread of the local anaesthetic and therefore the area which is anaesthetized depends on the site of the injection, the volume injected and the concentration of the local anaesthetic.

With a subarachnoid block the speed of injection, posture, the use of barbotage and the density (S.G.) of the solution are also important. Once the local anaesthetic has been injected the patient is positioned so as to effect the spread of the local anaesthetic. The blood pressure must now be taken regularly (i.e. at 1-2 minute intervals) for the next 30 minutes. The patient is observed for signs of the onset of the block or any complications.

Three Different Options In Varicose Vein Treatment Melbourne Residents Have Access To

When many people think of bulging and dark-colored veins, they normally consider them to be largely an aesthetic issue. If you suffer from this particular condition, however, you know just how painful and ultimately life-altering it can be. Varicose veins can affect the clothing that you choose, your ability to comfortably stand for long periods of time, your confidence, and more. Fortunately, there are a number of options in varicose vein treatment Melbourne locals have access to. Following are three quick, simple and minimally invasive procedures that might be right for you.


Sclerotherapy is one of the least invasive options in varicose vein treatment Melbourne residents can choose. During this procedure, a special solution is injected directly into the damaged or failed veins that are now discolored and bulging. This solution or foam closes off the treated structures permanently by creating significant damage at their walls. Once this has occurred, blood supply will abate and then cease entirely as new channels are manufactured within the vascular network by the body. Given that there are no incisions with this procedure, there is minimal need for downtime. People can often return to work fairly quickly, and both side effects and the likelihood of experiencing them are minimized.

Radio Frequency Ablation (RFA)

This procedure involves the use of radio or electromagnetic waves to heat damage vein structures. This is done through a very small-sized incision in the affected area. As with all treatments for addressing varicose veins, the overarching goal is to cause sufficient damage for closing the structure off entirely. As with sclerotherapy, the end result is the development of new and better-functioning veins. Despite the need for incisions, there is only a very moderate amount of downtime required for these procedures.

Endovenous Laser Ablation

Endovenous laser ablation works a lot like RFA and also requires one or more very small-sized incisions. However, rather than using radio waves to warm poorly functioning veins up, this treatment uses laser heat. It offers a very precise way of correcting more complex problems with damaged veins given that the lasers employed in these processes can target specific areas with great accuracy.

There are even procedures that involve glue poorly functioning veins closed. With such a wealth of treatment options to choose from, the best step is to start by scheduling a consultation with a trusted and well-rated vein specialist. Each procedure has its own range of benefits and drawbacks, and some are better-suited to specific applications than others. Speaking with the vein specialist will give you the chance to determine which solution is going to work best for you.